71-227-42-37         ١٤ ذُو ٱلْقَعْدَة ١٤٤٤
January 23, 2020


Support of a woman in the state of iddah

Prior to Islam abuses of human rights increased in various ways in many countries of the world. In particular, the attitude towards women was in a very terrible state. They were treated as an object, not as human beings, and their rights were humiliated. In most Arabian families, if a girl was born, they would bury her alive. When a father died, a son inherited his father’s wives like a simple object, and it was not strange if a son married them if he wished. In India, a woman whose husband died was burned with him, because she did not have the right to live after her husband. In short, women had no rights. These situations caused the demand for a perfect position and a just social system. Finally, with the advent of Islam, the status of women in society began to gain a distinctive status. Their rights were restored. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was an example of respect for women as mothers, wives, sisters and daughters. The rules of dole (nafaqa), dowry (mahr), divorce (talaq), khulu’ (asking of a wife talaq from her husband offering some money for it) and iddah were determined. Rules were imposed not only on free women, but also on maidservants who were not considered as humans. Whose responsibility is to pay dole? Dole (nafaqa) is supplying a person in care with enough food, clothing, and housing. It is the duty of a husband to supply his wife with these things after marriage. What is if a wife gets divorce (talaq) or a husband dies? Unfortunately, we see that in most cases, a man divorces with his wife or not, he sends her to her father’s house. In fact, even after the divorce, the wife’s support remains on the duty of her husband for a while. For this, it is important to understand the matter of iddah perfectly. In our religion, the period of time that a woman should stay after her husband’s death or after a divorce is called “iddah”. State of iddah of a woman who gets divorce (talaq). If a woman is in the age of menstruating, her state of iddah ends after three menstrual periods. If a divorce occurs at the time of menstruation, it is counted from the next menstruation, but not from this one. If a woman is in the non-menstruating age then she stays in the state of iddah for three months after divorce. The state of iddah of a woman whose husband dies. Such women stay in the state of iddah for four months and ten days. The state of iddah of a pregnant woman. If a woman who is divorced or whose husband died is pregnant, her state of iddah ends with the birth of a baby. It is the duty of a husband to supply with food, clothing, and housing his wife during the above-mentioned states of iddah in spite of the fact that it is raj’i talaq or bain...